My Puerto Cortes

Puerto Cortés fue fundado 1524 por el capitán Gil González Dávila, bajo el nombre de Villa de la Natividad de Nuestra Señora, en la zona que hoy se conoce como "Cieneguita". En 1526 llega por mar Don Hernán Cortés a castigar al Capitán Gil González Dávila.


Por causa de una tormenta estuvo a punto de naufragar y perdió 17 caballos, bautizando el lugar con el nombre de Puerto Caballos. Christopher Newport ocupó la ciudad brevemente durante la Batalla de Puerto Caballos (1603), parte de la Guerra anglo-española (1585-1604).

Su nombre actual lo adquirió a partir del 5 de marzo de 1869, siendo presidente de la república el General José María Medina y su creación como municipio data del 3 de abril de 1882.



El lugar como tal no tuvo una gran importancia por los conquistadores españoles, ya que la mayor parte de su territorio era pantanoso, más bien establecieron como puerto en esta zona el lugar que hoy se conoce como Omoa, al oeste del actual Puerto Cortés.


El adelanto positivo de la ciudad de Puerto Cortés, arranca en el año de 1933, cuando la Municipalidad integrada por ciudadanos progresistas fundaron las bases para impulsar la modernización de la ciudad.

El área urbana de Puerto Cortés se sitúa en el extremo sur de una pequeña península, separada de tierra firme por la laguna de Alvarado. La ciudad tiene una extensión de 7 km, de este a oeste, y 4,5 km de norte a sur. El municipio del cual Puerto Cortés es cabecera posee una extensión territorial de 391.2 km². 38 aldeas y caseríos se ubican también en este territorio.


La principal actividad económica de la ciudad está en torno a las operaciones del puerto el cual genera alrededor del 65% del empleo en Puerto Cortes, tales como servicios de carga, transporte, almacenamiento etc.

Otros sectores importantes son:

La industria manufacturer, El comercio, La construcción, y El turismo

Al norte de la península porteña se encuentran las playas de El Faro, La Vacacional, Travesía y Bajamar, estas playas son de aguas más agitadas por encontrarse expuestas al mar abierto, pero sin duda eso las hace muy interesantes, ya que juntas componen varios kilómetros de blancas arenas, palmeras y mar transparente.


En esta Zona se encuentran las aldeas garífunas de Travesía y Bajamar, las cuales son un patrimonio Cultural del municipio. Puerto Cortés cuenta la Laguna de Alvarado la cual se conecta al mar a través de la bahía porteña.



La laguna de Alvarado está rodeada por manglares, es un lugar poco explotado turísticamente que sin duda posee un gran potencial. Otro lugar que hay que visitar al estar en Puerto Cortés es su malecón, es un lugar de recreación y relajación en familia.

Puerto Cortés celebra su feria patronal en el mes de agosto (Feria Agostina) es una época de festividades en las que cada barrio organiza su propia miniferia, con concursos y carnavales.

La operaciones Portuarias de Puerto Cortés al igual que todos los puertos de Honduras, están a cargo de La Empresa Nacional Portuaria (ENP)


La cual nació bajo la presidencia del Doctor Ramón Villeda Morales en 1958. La firma profesional TAM, fue la encargada de llevar a cabo el proyecto, bajo la supervisión del ministro de Hacienda Licenciado Jorge Bueso Arias.

En el tiempo de la creación de la Empresa Nacional Portuaria Honduras se encontraba entre los mayores exportadores de banano en el mundo, por lo que las actividades comerciales de la empresa portuaria eran en su mayor parte; a base de este producto.

En 1965, la portuaria pasó a ser considerada un organismo con las mismas características de la de otros puertos importantes, en el mundo.



Debido a ello, se le dio el nombre de Autoridad Nacional Portuaria; pero las autoridades del gobierno central estuvieron en desacuerdo, por lo que pasó a ser la Empresa Nacional Portuaria.

A través de los años; Puerto Cortés ha ido evolucionando notablemente. Hoy en día, posee una de las instalaciones más modernas de Centroamérica, recientemente le fue dada por las autoridades norteamericanas la certificación de "Puerto Seguro" ya que cuenta con un moderno equipo de rayos Gamma con el cual es revisado cada contenedor antes del embarque.

Puerto Cortés, tiene la ventaja de estar situado en una bien protegida bahía natural de aguas profundas en donde la variación de las mareas es insignificante, con un máximo de fluctuación de 0.3 m. Vientos generalmente de Noreste y corrientes inconstantes.


































Websites hosting
Home buying tips
Discover the Americas

Puerto Cortės, originally known as Puerto de Caballos, is a city on the north Caribbean coast of Honduras, right on the Laguna de Alvarado, north of San Pedro Sula and east of Omoa, with a natural bay.

The present city was founded in the early colonial period. It grew rapidly in the twentieth century, thanks to the then railroad, and banana production.

In terms of volume of traffic the seaport is the largest in Central America and the 36th largest in the world. As of 2014, Puerto Cortés has a population of some 200,000

​​History

Gil González Dávila founded the city in 1524 and called Villa de la Natividad de Nuestra Señora, now known as Cieneguita. In 1526 Hernán Cortés came to punish González Dávila and when he arrived on Honduras' coast from Mexico and started unloading horses and cargo from the ships, several horses were drowned, and for that reason Cortés called it Puerto Caballos.


By 1533, a local native leader, called Çiçumba (or Çoçumba, or Socremba, or Joamba ... we don't really know since the Spanish recorded so many variants of his name) had destroyed the town, reportedly taking a woman from Sevilla, Spain captive.

After Çiçumba's defeat in 1536 by Pedro de Alvarado, a new town, Puerto de Caballos was founded on the southern shore of the body of water known as the Laguna de Alvarado.

The English attacked Puerto Caballos as they did other places along the Honduran coast.Christopher Newport briefly occupied the town in the Battle of Puerto Caballos, part of the Anglo–Spanish War.

Because it was vulnerable to pirates until the building of the Spanish fort at Omoa in the 18th century, it had few permanent residents in the 16th and 17th centuries.

People preferred to come out to the coast from San Pedro when a ship came into port. In 1869 Puerto Caballos changed its name to Puerto Cortés in honour of Hernán Cortés.

The proposal to construct an "inter-oceanic railway" (Ferrocarril Interoceánico) in 1850, a product of the demand for transport from the Atlantic to the Pacific caused by the United States Gold Rush of 1849, began with the anchoring of the railroad at Puerto Cortés.

The rail line construction had many problems. In 1876 President Marco Aurelio Soto nationalised the Trans-Oceanic Railroad, which only reached to San Pedro Sula. When the Panama Canal was completed in 1903, the alternative plan to connect the coasts was abandoned.

The region became an early centre for banana production in Honduras through cultivation and export, and the port was a leader in the export of bananas.

The early banana export industry came to be dominated by foreigners; among the first foreigners to obtain a government concession was William Frederick Streich of Philadelphia in 1902.

His concession was in the vicinity of Omoa and both banks of the Cuyamel River. However, in 1910 Samuel Zemurray's Cuyamel Fruit Company purchased these 5,000 acres, but soon branched out, both with more land and with political and tax concessions, especially after Zemurray installed Manuel Bonilla in office as president using mercenaries hired in the area and abroad. In addition to awarding Cuyamel additional land, Bonilla also waived the company's tax obligations.


Cuyamel had built port facilities at Omoa, but also began using the facilities at Puerto Cortés and soon came to dominate them to the point that local shippers had to ask Cuyamel's permission to use the port. In 1918, Cuyamel constructed a railroad spur into Puerto Cortés, and in 1920 he obtained effective control over the National Railroad, and from this and a network of clandestine railroads the company effectively controlled all transport to the port.

When Zemurray sold Cuyamel Fruit to United Fruit in 1929, the giant company had great influence in Puerto Cortés and in Honduras as a whole.

In August, Puerto Cortés celebrates its local or patronal festivities during two weeks. The last day (a Saturday) is known as Noche Veneciana (Venice's night). 15 August is a local holiday in honour of Virgen de la Asunción (Puerto Cortés local patroness or saint).

In September 2001, the Bridge Laguna de Alvarado (Alvarado lagoon) was rebuilt and inaugurated after the old bridge, a 50 years old structure, was badly damaged in 1998 by Hurricane Mitch.

A concrete wall that surrounds and protects a portion of the coastline in the bay area, was built close to the north end of Bridge La Laguna, this wall is known as El Malecón, the Spanish word for 'jetty' or 'pier'.

The first four-lane highway in Honduras was inaugurated in 1996, connecting Puerto Cortés and the city of San Pedro Sula.

In 1966, the Empresa Nacional Portuaria (Honduras National Port Authority) was created. A free trade zone was created in 1976.

Among all worldwide seaports that export containers with goods with destination to USA, Puerto Cortés is the 36th in terms of volume.

Because of its proximity to US seaports in the Gulf of Mexico and on the East Coast and its seaport infrastructure, Puerto Cortés was included in the US Container Security Initiative (CSI), the first such port in Central America.

In December 2005, the US government signed an agreement with Honduras's government and opened a US Customs Office in Puerto Cortés.


Under this agreement, all containers exported from Puerto Cortés that are destined for any US seaport are checked by US Customs officials in Honduras.

In March 2007, under the Megaport initiative, three RPMs (Radiation Portal Monitors) were already installed in Puerto Cortés by US DOE to inspect all containers with destination to USA, checking for possible dangerous radioactive threats. On 2 April 2007 the RPMs became operative.

Sports

Puerto Cortés is home of a football team known as Platense, which in 1966 won its first Honduran National Football Champion. In 2001 the team won its second national championship. They play their home games at the Estadio Excélsior. Atlético Portuario was briefly another football club based in the city.

Notable people and natives

Ibis Fernandez – Author, Animator, Actor, Producer and Filmmaker.  Edgar Alvarez – Football player.  Roger Espinoza – Football player, Julio César de León – Football player.
Vilma Cecilia Morales – Former President of Honduras Supreme Court of Justice, Zora Neale Hurston – African American writer, scholar and political activist resided at the Hotel Cosenza from May 1947 to February 1948 while writing her book Seraph on the Suwanee.


Florida Notary Public

Honduras Beach Paradise

Florida homes sale
Bahia de Puerto Cortes
Playa de Puerto Cortes
Ferrocaril de Puerto Cortes